How do zoos help endangered animals эссе




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The world’s best zoos offer face-to-face encounters with some of the most fascinating and rare creatures on the planet—an experience that few people would ever be able to pursue in the wild. Unlike the cramped cages that housed wild animals in sideshow spectacles of the past, the modern zoo has elevated habitat emulation to an art, carefully recreating natural environments and offering inhabitants challenging activities to reduce boredom and stress.

The evolution of zoos has also included programs dedicated to protecting endangered species, both in captivity and in the wild. Zoos accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) participate in Species Survival Plan Programs that involve captive breeding, reintroduction programs, public education, and field conservation to ensure survival for many of the planet’s threatened and endangered species.

Conservation Breeding

AZA conservation breeding programs (also known as captive breeding programs) are designed to augment populations of endangered species and avoid extinction via regulated breeding in zoos and other approved facilities.

One of the primary challenges facing captive breeding programs is maintaining genetic diversity.1 If the population of a captive breeding program is too small, inbreeding may result, leading to health problems that can have a negative impact on the species’ survival. For this reason, breeding is carefully managed to ensure as much genetic variation as possible.

Six Species Saved From Extinction by Zoos

  1. Arabian Oryx: Hunted to extinction in the wild, the Arabian Oryx was revitalized thanks to conservation efforts by the Phoenix Zoo and other organizations. As of 2017, 1,000 animals had been restored to the wild, while thousands more were living in zoo environments.
  2. Przewalski’s Horse: The only truly wild species left in the world, Przewalski’s Horse is native to the grasslands of Central Asia. After being declared completely extinct in the wild, it’s made an amazing comeback.
  3. California Condor: Not all that long ago, there were only 27 of these magnificent birds left. Thanks to conservation efforts from the San Diego Wild Animal Park and the Los Angeles Zoo, hundreds of California Condors have been reintroduced into the wild.
  4. Bongo: The Eastern Bongo, a large antelope native to a remote region of Kenya was one of the last large mammal species to be discovered but poaching and loss of habitat nearly wiped them out. Zoos worldwide are working to establish a stable population to ensure their survival.
  5. Panamanian Golden Frog: Beautiful but extremely poisonous, the entire species succumbed to the effects of a devastating fungal disease in the wild. Since 2007, existing captive populations abetted by collaborative conservation efforts by a number of zoos have staved off their extinction.
  6. Golden Lion Tamarin: Close to extinction due to loss of habitat from logging and mining, as well as poaching in its native Brazil, there has been a steady effort since the 1980s to ensure this species doesn’t vanish from the face of the Earth. Currently, about one-third of wild Golden Lion Tamarins come from breeding programs.

The goal of reintroduction programs is to release animals that have been raised or rehabilitated in zoos back into their natural habitats. AZA describes these programs as ‘powerful tools used for stabilizing, re-establishing, or increasing in situ animal populations that have suffered significant declines.’

In cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the IUCN Species Survival Commission, AZA-accredited institutions have established reintroduction programs for endangered animals such as the black-footed ferret, California condor, freshwater mussel, and Oregon spotted frog.

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Zoos educate millions of visitors each year about endangered species and related conservation issues. Over the past 10 years, AZA-accredited institutions have also trained more than 400,000 teachers with award-winning science curricula.

A nationwide study including more than 5,500 visitors from 12 AZA-accredited institutions found that visits to zoos and aquariums prompt individuals to reconsider their role in environmental problems and see themselves as part of the solution.

Field conservation focuses on the long-term survival of species in natural ecosystems and habitats. Zoos participate in conservation projects that support studies of populations in the wild, species recovery efforts, veterinary care for wildlife disease issues, and conservation awareness.

Today, 31 animal species classified as ‘Extinct in the Wild’ are being bred in captivity. Reintroduction efforts are underway for some of these species, including the Hawaiian crow.5 According to a 2021 study published in the journal Conservation Letters, at least 20 bird and nine mammal species have been saved from extinction through conservation breeding and reintroduction efforts since 1993.

A study recently published in the journal Science supports the establishment of specialized zoos and a network of captive breeding programs that target species facing an acute risk of extinction.7 ‘Specialization generally increases breeding success. The animals can be ‘parked’ at these zoos until they have a chance of survival in the natural environment and can then be returned to the wild,’ the study’s lead researchers told Science Daily.

Endangered species breeding programs will also help scientists better understand population dynamics critical to the management of animals in the wild.

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Dear EarthTalk: Do zoos have serious programs to save endangered species, besides putting a few captives on display for everyone to see?
— Kelly Traw, Seattle, WA

Most zoos are not only great places to get up close to wildlife, but many are also doing their part to bolster dwindling populations of animals still living free in the wild. To wit, dozens of zoos across North America participate in the Association of Zoos and Aquarium’s (AZA’s) Species Survival Plan (SSP) Program, which aims to manage the breeding of specific endangered species in order to help maintain healthy and self-sustaining populations that are both genetically diverse and demographically stable.

The end goal of many SSPs is the reintroduction of captive-raised endangered species into their native wild habitats. According to the AZA, SSPs and related programs have helped bring black-footed ferrets, California condors, red wolves and several other endangered species back from the brink of extinction over the last three decades. Zoos also use SSPs as research tools to better understand wildlife biology and population dynamics, and to raise awareness and funds to support field projects and habitat protection for specific species. AZA now administers some 113 different SSPs covering 181 individual species.

To be selected as the focus of an SSP, a species must be endangered or threatened in the wild. Also, many SSP species are “flagship species,” meaning that they are well-known to people and engender strong feelings for their preservation and the protection of their habitat. The AZA approves new SSP programs if various internal advisory committees deem the species in question to be needy of the help and if sufficient numbers of researchers at various zoos or aquariums can dedicate time and resources to the cause.

AZA’s Maryland-based Conservation and Science Department administers the worldwide SSP program, generating master plans for specific species and coordinating research, transfer and reintroductions. Part of this process involves designing a “family tree” of particular managed populations in order to achieve maximum genetic diversity and demographic stability. AZA also makes breeding and other management recommendations with consideration given to the logistics and feasibility of transfers between institutions as well as maintenance of natural social groupings. In some cases, master plans may recommend not to breed specific animals, so as to avoid having captive populations outgrow available holding spaces.

While success stories abound, most wildlife biologists consider SSP programs to be works in progress. AZA zoos have been instrumental, for instance, in establishing a stable population of bongos, a threatened forest antelope native to Africa, through captive breeding programs under the SSP program. Many of these captive-bred bongos have subsequently been released into the wild and have helped bolster dwindling population numbers accordingly.

Of course, for every success story there are dozens of other examples where results have been less satisfying. SSP programs for lowland gorillas, Andean condors, giant pandas and snow leopards, among others, have not had such clear success, but remain part of the larger conservation picture for the species in question and the regions they inhabit.

CONTACTS: AZA’s Conservation & Science Program,

EarthTalk is produced by E/The Environmental Magazine. SEND YOUR ENVIRONMENTAL QUESTIONS TO: EarthTalk, P.O. Box 5098, Westport, CT 06881; Read past columns at: EarthTalk is now a book! Details and order information at:

Обновлено: 31.03.2023

I almost agree with this statement. Animals should not live in cages. They should be free. The environment is not ideal in typical zoos so some animals may die. In some zoos animals are mistreated. On the other hand zoos help certain animal species survive. They are educational and children have the chance to see wild animals. At the present time there are a lot of zoos designed with different natural zones where natural habitats for animals are recreated. In such zoos a lot of animals can live free as in their natural habitats without any cages under the care of people.

Я почти согласен с этим утверждением. Животные не должны жить в клетках. Они должны быть свободными. В типичных зоопарках окружающая среда не идеальна, поэтому некоторые животные могут умереть. В некоторых зоопарках с животными плохо обращаются. С другой стороны зоопарки помогают определенным видам животных выжить. Они несут образовательную функцию, а дети имеют возможность увидеть диких животных. В настоящее время есть много зоопарков, в которых созданы различные природные зоны, где воссоздана естественная среда обитания для животных. В таких зоопарках многие животные могут жить свободно, как в своей естественной среде, без каких-либо клеток, под присмотром людей.

3. a) Listen to and read the essay. Were any of your points from Ex. 2 mentioned? What other points for/against zoos are used? — Послушайте и прочитайте эссе. Упоминались ли какие-нибудь из ваших аргументов из упражнения 2? Какие еще аргументы за или против зоопарков используются?

  1. We all like going to the zoo, but what about the animals? How do they feel? Should we keep animals in zoos, or is it wrong to take them out of their natural habitat?
  2. On the one hand, zoos play an important role in nature conservation. Many natural habitats are in danger. By keeping endangered species in zoos, we make sure that they survive. In addition, a good zoo can be very educational as it teaches us how animals behave and how they act in their habitat. This way we learn how to protect them.
  3. On the other hand, there are certain drawbacks to keeping animals in zoos. Zoos cannot recreate an animal’s natural habitat and animals can be very unhappy in cages. It would be more useful to spend money on protecting habitats rather than zoos. Furthermore, there are a lot of good documentaries about animals so zoos are not really necessary for education.
  4. To sum up, there are strong arguments both for and against zoos. Nowadays, most zoos do their best to protect animals. However, I believe that animals should live in an as natural environment as possible and we must do our best to protect them and their habitats.
  1. Нам всем нравится ходить в зоопарк, но как насчет животных? Как они себя чувствуют? Должны ли мы держать животных в зоопарках или это неправильно держать их вне их естественной среды обитания?
  2. С одной стороны зоопарки играют важную роль в сохранении природы. Многие природные зоны обитания в опасности. Содержание находящихся на грани вымирания видов в зоопарках позволяет нам быть уверенными, что они выживут. В дополнение, хороший зоопарк может играть хорошую образовательную роль, поскольку он позволяет нам узнать повадки животных и как они действуют в их среде обитания. Таким образом мы узнаем как защитить их.
  3. С другой стороны есть определенные недостатки в содержании животных в зоопарках. Зоопарки не могут воссоздать естественную среду обитания, и животные могут быть очень несчастливы в клетках. Было бы более уместно потратить деньги на защиту естественной среды обитания, чем на зоопарки. Более того, есть много хороших документальных фильмов о животных, так что зоопарки не так уж необходимы для образования.
  4. В итоге, есть сильные аргументы за и против зоопарков. Сегодня большинство зоопарков делают все возможное для защиты животных. Однако, я верю, что животные должны жить в максимально естественных условиях, а мы должны делать все возможное для защиты их самих и их среды обитания.

There are some points similar with my opinion in this esse. And there are some additional like possibility to use documentary in education. I think we should keep zoos anyway. But it concerned with new types of zoos with natural habitats recreated only. No cages, no mistreating. Only care and free natural life. This way we can keep endangered species from danger and let them live in safe natural habitat.

Есть несколько аргументов, схожих с моим мнением, в этом эссе. А есть некоторые дополнительные, типа возможности использовать документальные фильмы в образовании. Я думаю, мы в любом случае должны сохранить зоопарки. Но это касается только зоопарков нового типа, в которых воссозданы естественные среды обитания. Никаких клеток и жестокого обращения. Только забота и свободная естественная жизнь. Таким образом мы можем оградить вымирающие виды от опасности и позволить им жить в безопасной естественной среде обитания.

b) Explain the words in bold. — Объясните слова, выделенные жирным шрифтом.

  • role: part — роль
  • in danger: threatened — в опасности
  • endangered species: animals and plants that are rare, threatened — виды редких растений и животных на грани вымирания
  • survive: continue to exist — выживать
  • act: behave — действовать
  • drawbacks: disadvantages — недостатки
  • recreate: copy, replicate — копировать, воссоздавать
  • cages: fortified containers for animals — укрепленные контейнеры для животных, клетки
  • arguments: cases for and against something — аргументы (за или против чего-нибудь)
  • for: in favour of something — в пользу чего-нибудь (за)
  • against: opposed to something — против чего-нибудь (против)
  • environment: everything around us — все вокруг нас, окружающая среда

4. a) Which paragraph (1-4): a) introduces the topic? b) gives the writer’s opinion? c) gives the advantages with reasons/examples? d) gives the disadvantages with reasons/examples? — Какие параграфы (1-4): а) представляют тему? b) дают мнение автора? c) показывают аргументы и примеры преимуществ? d) показывают аргументы и примеры недостатков?

b) Look at the underlined words/phrases. Which: give a personal opinion? give an opposite opinion? add reasons? introduce a conclusion? introduce an argument? — Посмотрите на подчеркнутые слова/фразы. Какие из них: показывают частное мнение? дают противоположное мнение? дополняют? представляют заключение? представляют аргумент?

  • Give a personal opinion: I believe — Показывает частное мнение: Я верю (считаю, уверен)
  • Give an opposite opinion: On the other hand, However — Дают противоположное мнение: С другой стороны, Однако
  • Add reasons: In addition, Furthermore — Дополняют: В дополнение, Более того
  • Introduce a conclusion: To sum up — Представляют заключение: В итоге
  • Introduce an argument: On the one hand, On the other hand — Представляют аргумент: С одной стороны, С другой стороны

5. Read the following statements. Which are pros/cons of keeping wild animals as pets? In groups think of reasons/examples. — Прочитайте следующие утверждения. Какие из них за или против содержания диких животных в качестве домашних питомцев? В группе придумайте причины/примеры.

  • Owners don’t know how to look after them. — Владельцы не знают, как за ними присматривать.
    Con (You can’t know everything about wild animals. Books are not always accurate) — Против (Вы не можете знать все о диких животных. В книгах не всегда точно написано).
  • They need special food/habitats. — Им нужен специальный корм/среда обитания.
    Con (They get sick when they do not live in their natural habitats and eat improper food) — Против (Они могут болеть, когда они живут не в их естественной среде обитания и едят неподходящую пищу).
  • It is a good way to learn about them. — Это хороший способ узнать больше о них.
    Pro (You can persuade others to help, too). — За (Вы также можете уговорить других помогать)
  • You help conserve them. — Вы помогаете сохранить их.
    Pro (You can help them by giving food and a place to live) — За (Вы можете помочь им, предоставляя еду и место для жизни).
  • They can be dangerous. — Они могут быть опасными.
    Con (They can be dangerous because they are wild and can never be 100% domesticated) — Против (Они могут быть опасны, потому что они дикие и никогда не смогут на 100% стать домашними).

Addressing the reader directly — Обращаемся непосредственно к читателю

Start your essay by addressing the reader directly with a question. That way you will grab his interest and he will want to read on. — Начинайте свое эссе с вопроса, обращенного непосредственно к читателю. Таким образом вы сможете завладеть его вниманием, и он захочет читать дальше.

6. Use the ideas in Ex. 5 to write an essay about the pros/cons of keeping wild animals as pets. Start your essay with a direct question. — Используйте идеи из упражнения 5, чтобы написать эссе о содержании диких животных в качестве домашних питомцев. Начните свое эссе с прямого вопроса.

Would you like to have a monkey as a pet? To feed it and play with it and take it to the park? Well, think twice before you make any decisions. Things are not that simple.

Sure, on the one hand owning a wild animal is a very good way to learn about it. You also help conserve it by giving food and a place to live. And you can persuade others to help animals, too.

On the other hand, there are certain drawbacks to keeping a wild animal as a pet. Most owners do not know how to look after a wild animal properly and books on the subject are not always accurate. Wild animals need special food and they often get sick when they do not live in their natural habitats and eat improper food. Furthermore, they can be dangerous. To sum up, there are strong arguments both for and against keeping wild animals as pets.

However, I believe that animals have rights, too, and that they should not be forced to live in strange environments. We should adopt animals in zoos rather than keep them as pets.

Хотите взять домой обезьянку? Кормить ее и играть с ней, брать ее с собой в парк? Хорошо, подумайте дважды, прежде чем примете решение. Все не настолько просто.

Конечно, с одной стороны держать у себя дикое животное — это хороший способ изучить его. Вы также помогаете сохранить его, предоставляя пищу и место для жизни. Также вы можете уговорить других помогать животным.

С другой стороны, есть определенные недостатки в содержании диких животных дома. Большинство владельцев не знают, как присматривать за диким животным правильно, а книги по этому вопросу не всегда точны. Диким животным нужен специальный корм, и они зачастую могут заболеть, если они живут не в естественной среде обитания и едят неподходящую пищу. Более того, они могут быть опасны. В итоге, есть сильные аргументы за и против содержания диких животных дома.

Однако, я верю, что у животных тоже есть права и что их нельзя принуждать жить в непривычной обстановке. Мы должны адоптировать животных к жизни в зоопарках, а не содержать их дома.

However, most people think that zoos help endangered species survive. But this is not true because most rare animals are extremely difficult to breed in captivity. Besides, in zoos, it is almost impossible to meet the animals’ natural needs. Another argument for keeping animals in zoos is that people learn something new about these animals. Actually, zoos do not teach us much because animals do not act the way they would in the wild. I think we can learn more about animals by watching wildlife programs on TV. In conclusion, I would argue that zoos do not seem to help endangered species and keeping animals behind bars only for the sake of our entertainment is not quite fair. In my opinion, people must create nature reserves, where wild animals will be able to live in their natural environment.

Однако большинство людей думают, зверинцы помочь выжить исчезающих видов. Но это не верно, потому что чрезвычайно трудно размножаться в неволе самых редких животных. Кроме того, в зоопарках, это почти невозможно встретить животных естественных потребностей. Еще один аргумент для содержания животных в зоопарках является, что люди узнают что-то новое об этих животных. На самом деле зоопарки не учат нас много потому, что животные не действуют, как они бы в дикой природе. Я думаю, что мы можем узнать больше о животных, наблюдая за дикой природой программ на телевидении. В заключение я бы утверждать, что зоопарки, кажется, не помочь исчезающих видов и содержания животных за решеткой только ради наших развлечений не совсем справедливо. На мой взгляд люди должны создать заповедники, где дикие животные смогут жить в их естественной среде.

Тем не менее, большинство людей думают, что зоопарки помогают выжить под угрозой исчезновения видов. Но это не так, потому что большинство редких животных чрезвычайно трудно разводить в неволе. К тому же, в зоопарках, это практически невозможно удовлетворить естественные потребности животных. Еще один аргумент для содержания животных в зоопарках, что люди узнают что-то новое об этих животных. На самом деле, зоопарки не учат нас много, потому что животные не действуют так, как они будут в дикой природе. Я думаю, что мы можем узнать больше о животных, наблюдая программы дикой природы по телевизору. В заключение, я бы сказал, что зоопарки не похоже, чтобы помочь исчезающих видов и содержания животных за решеткой только ради нашего развлечения не совсем справедливо. На мой взгляд, люди должны создавать природные заповедники, где дикие животные будут в состоянии жить в их естественной среде.

однако, большинство людей думают, что зоопарки помочь видов, находящихся под угрозой исчезновения выжить.но это не так, потому что большинство редких животных, крайне сложно размножаются в неволе.кроме того, в зоопарках, практически невозможно встретить их естественные потребности.еще один аргумент для содержания животных в зоопарках, состоит в том, чтобы люди узнали что — то новое об этих животных.на самом деле, зоопарки не учат нас много, потому что животные не действовать так, как они будут в дикой природе.я думаю, что мы сможем узнать больше о животных, наблюдая за дикую природу программ на телевидении.в заключение, я бы сказал, что зоопарки не похоже, чтобы помочь исчезающих видов и содержания животных за решетку только ради развлечения — это не совсем честно.на мой взгляд, люди должны создавать заповедники, где дикие животные смогут жить в их естественной среде.

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“ Keeping animals in zoos .”

Some people believe zoos, where wild animals are kept in a man-made environment, should no longer exist in the twenty century. What is your opinion about this? What are the main advantages and disadvantages of this?

There is no doubt that subject of zoos creates a lot of debate. There are those who argue that wild animals must kept in imprisonment, whereas others believe that zoos useless in our modern world of the twenty first century. While some people believe that we can protect and save animals are undeniable, my own view is that wild animals must live in their natural habit not in a fabricated environment.

One clear advantage of zoos is that people keep wild animals in zoos just to save them from merciless killing. Zoo workers feed them; inhabitants are treated from different diseases. We can save rare animals.

Another positive aspect of zoo is that it may be used for entertainment. People, especially children, come to zoo to see animals they haven`t met in their usual life. They introduce with different types of animals from all over the world in real not by the pictures. They get positive emotions. In addition (to this) is a financial issue. Most of us can make money creating such environment as zoo.

On the other hand, there are many arguments against unnatural conditions for wild animals. Firstly, many inhabitants suffer from people and various diseases. Sometimes there are unfair zoo workers whom treat animals badly. Some visitors can cause problems for them because of their freak or carelessness. Another drawback is that most of the people suffer from wild animals. It is very dangerous to work with wild animals because they may harm people. However, perhaps the most serious negative aspect of zoos is that animals live in an unnatural condition. It would be better if wild animals hunt, satisfy their brute.

In conclusion, there are both advantages and disadvantages to keeping animals in zoos. Personally, though, I believe that people find the way to protect and save wild animals. As we live in the twenty first century of innovations of technologies, we should create something new for such type of animals not keeping them in imprisonment.

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— Should we keep animals in zoos? —

Nowadays, zoo is one of the most popular passions of adults and children. We all like to look at peculiar animals which we can not see in our everyday life. However, it is not as wonderful as it seems at first glance. Does human’s momentary joy costs damage that we can cause to animals?

On the one hand, zoos can help to save endangered species. Zoos’ facilities are protected from hunters and poachers. Besides, they are provided with all animal needs such as food and medicine. As a result, rare animals are able to there live without a fear of being passed away or killed.

On the other hand, keeping animals in captivity just to impress people is unfair. Living whole life in cages, they feel stressed and sorrowed.

Moreover, most of the animals live there shorter lives than then they dwell at wildlife.

All things considered, I disagree with keeping animals in zoos. If animal does not need special care or protection, it must live free at nature.

— Следует ли нам держать животных в зоопарках? —

В настоящее время зоопарки являются одним из наиболее популярных увлечений взрослых и детей. Всем нам нравится наблюдать за необычными животными, которых мы не можем видеть с нашей повседневной жизни. Однако, все не так чудесно, как кажется на первый взгляд. Стоит ли минутная человеческая забава ущерба, который мы можем принести животным?

С одной стороны, зоопарка могут помочь спасти вымирающие виды животных. Поступаете в 2019 году? Наша команда поможет с экономить Ваше время и нервы: подберем направления и вузы (по Вашим предпочтениям и рекомендациям экспертов);оформим заявления (Вам останется только подписать);подадим заявления в вузы России (онлайн, электронной почтой, курьером);мониторим конкурсные списки (автоматизируем отслеживание и анализ Ваших позиций);подскажем когда и куда подать оригинал (оценим шансы и определим оптимальный вариант).Доверьте рутину профессионалам – подробнее.

Здания зоопарков защищены от охотников и браконьеров. К тому же, они обеспечены всеми животными нуждами, такими как еда и медикаменты. В результате, редкие животными могут жить там без страха умереть или быть убитыми.

С другой стороны, содержание животных в неволе только ради того, чтобы впечатлять людей, несправедливо. Проживая целую жизнь в клетках, они чувствуют себя напряженными и опечаленными. Более того, большинство животных живет здесь более короткую жизнь, чем в дикой природе.

Учитывая все обстоятельства, я против содержания животных в зоопарках. Если животному не нужен специальный уход или защита, оно должно жить свободно в дикой природе.

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The debate rages on whether zoos offer the best option to protect animals facing extinction. On one side of the fence, you have scientists who state that zoos can help an endangered species thrive; detractors state that the best way to protect a threatened species is to create protective preserves where they can breed naturally. The one topic both groups agree on is that human impact on wildlife ecosystems affects, threatens and disrupts animals and plants that depend on these communities.

Extinction Estimates – Real or Exaggerated?

Most scientists and people agree that human encroachment on ecosystems around the world threatens the survival of all animal and plant life that depend on these to survive. Worldwide ecologists and experts boldly claim that humans are responsible for all or part of the wildlife extinctions that continue to occur.

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, a study ordered by the United Nations and begun in 2002 and compiled by more than 1,350 scientific experts worldwide, estimated that at least 24 species a day or 8,700 species per year go extinct.

The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity in 2007 disagreed with that figure, as it indicated that rate as upwards of 150 species per day. But to date, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature claims only 800 species in total have been documented as extinct over the last 400 years. The variance in numbers, writes environmental author Fred Pearce, might be due to the differences in the computer models being used to create the statistics.

The Endangered Species Act

The Endangered Species Act in the United States was signed into law in December of 1973. It “provides for the conservation of species that are endangered or threatened throughout all or a significant portion of their range, and the conservation of the ecosystems on which they depend,” states the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Agency.

Since it replaced the Conservation Act of 1966, the ESA has been amended multiple times to include plants and invertebrates and other wildlife under its protection. To that end, several zoos have taken up captive breeding programs to ensure the continuation of multiple threatened species.

Zoos and Captive Breeding Programs

By 1982, the California Condor was all but extinct, with only 25 to 27 condors living in the U.S. By 1987, all 27 condors were put into a captive breeding program in hopes of keeping them from going extinct. The birds were distributed between two zoos in southern California: The San Diego Zoo and the Los Angeles Zoo. This program was later expanded to include other zoos on the west coast.

The San Diego Zoo built a special aviary enclosure that gave the birds room to spread their wings, fly and mate. The captive breeding program had been so successful that by 1993, some of these massive birds were reintroduced back into the wild in Baja California, California and Arizona.

In the Big Sur area of California in 2006, biologists documented a mating pair with a nest in a redwood tree cavity, the first to be spotted in the wild since release. The captive and wild population of these birds has grown from 23 to over 400 in 2015 due to the success of this program. Zoos have also helped thwart the extinction of other creatures, such as the black ferret.

Captive vs. Wild Breeding

Proponents against captive breeding programs state that such programs can cause animals to inbreed, even when released into the wild, thus changing the evolution of the species by decreasing its genetic diversity.

Some species just won’t mate in captivity, as in the case of Lonesome George, the rare Pinta Island Galapagos tortoise. Taken into captivity in 1972, George was placed in the Tortoise Breeding and Rearing Center on Santa Cruz Island – off the coast of Santa Barbara, California – where he refused to mate with any of the females of a similar species. The last of his line, he died in 2012 in captivity, never having bred.

Arguments against captive breeding programs cite that releasing animals back into the wild can also include the introduction of deadly funguses and bacteria into the natural environment and result in decreased sperm count and low reproduction rates. Another key issue facing released animals is an ecosystem and wildlife habitat that supports them.

Wildlife Preservation and Conservation

Nature’s breeding programs tend to work best, as these programs rely on natural settings and drives to ensure the continuation of the species. But for these ‘natural’ breeding programs to work, animals need a protected preserve or area in which they can live without threat of hunting or poaching. Organizations such as the National Wildlife Federation argue for the protection and restoration of wildlife habitats and the reduction of threats to endangered species in the wild.

Protecting Endangered Species

While species bred in captivity tend to have less genetic diversity and produce smaller litters or broods, sometimes captive breeding is the only solution to protect a species. While zoos might not offer the most ideal options, they do help in educating people about conservation and endangered species and go a long way to protecting animals in threat of extinction.

Conservation efforts seem to work best if they include establishing wildlife habitats and preserves that work together with zoos to ensure endangered species can thrive. Reducing threats to wildlife should include the establishment of protected lands where no hunting or poaching is allowed, provision of contaminate-free water for the animals within the habitat and the reduction or elimination of invasive species not native to the preserve that upset nature’s balance.

Support Zoo Accreditation and Conservation

Accredited zoos, aquariums, rescue organizations, sanctuaries and preserves must adhere to strict standards of care, animal welfare, the education of guests and visitors about wildlife conservation and a commitment to conserve the world’s “wild animals and wild places” to receive accreditation.

When you visit, spend or donate money to these organizations, a portion of your donations fund these efforts. While zoos might not represent the best solution for protecting endangered species, it’s clear by their Species Survival Programs, zoos can have a positive impact on bringing some species back from the brink of extinction.

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How Zoos Improve the Lives of Animals

How Zoos Improve the Lives of Animals

How Zoos Improve the Lives of Animals

Oftentimes zoos and aquariums can get bad press which sparks the debate over how beneficial they are for wildlife. While we can’t deny there are a couple of bad apples in the mix, the majority of zoos help enrich the lives of animals in many different ways. Many zoos do more than just connect people with nature; they also exist to facilitate and promote animal conversation. If you’re wondering how zoos improve the lives of animals, this blog is for you!

Protection Against Extinction

It’s sad to say, but the world is currently going through a mass extinction due to human activities encroaching on wildlife. A study published by Science Advances in 2020 found that human population and activity has caused rapid global mammal extinctions over the past 126,000 years. Even currently, many species are going extinct across the globe, and many more are facing the threat of extinction. Modern zoos and aquariums help combat these problems. Breeding programs help preserve genetic biodiversity and help reintroduce critically endangered species into the wild. Having animals in protection provides a reservoir against a population crash in the wild. Zoos have helped remove animals from the endangered species list and have saved many from extinction. Without the efforts of zoos, there would be fewer animal species alive today!

Zoo’s Research Helps Wildlife

In order to reintroduce animals into the wild and repair the ecosystem, we need to understand how certain animals live and act. Studying animals in zoos can create real positive change for wildlife populations. Even if animals in zoos are never introduced to the wild, they still help improve the lives of their counterparts living in nature. Modern zoos act as a place for observation and research to study issues such as animal disease or infection and to help develop treatments.

Zoos Care for Their Animals

While there are many underfunded and neglectful zoos out there, the good ones positively contribute to the animals’ health and well-being. Animals can have a quality of life as high or higher than in the wild. They don’t suffer from the stress and threat of predators, the pain of parasites, injury, or illness, and they won’t suffer from starvation or drought. Instead, they enjoy a peaceful life with a high-quality diet filled with all of the supplements they need. They won’t have to endure the bullying or social ostracism that often happens in nature. Many dreadful things happen in the wild that aren’t present in zoos.

Horses at The Children's Nature Retreat

The Children’s Nature Retreat

We hope this blog has helped give you an understanding of how zoos improve the lives of animals! With the ongoing threat to wildlife environments and the many benefits that come with zoos, it’s safe to say that they’re essential to the long-term survival of many species. Not only can zoos help protect, breed, and reintroduce animals, but we can learn about them to help create a better world for them.

At the Children’s Nature Retreat, many of our animals have been acquired from owners who could no longer keep or care for them. Some have been rescued from harsh living conditions and now enjoy the serenity of the Retreat. If you want to say “hi” to some of our animal friends, We have over 200 animals, We are open 7 days a week, no reservations required. You can visit us at 5178 Japatul Spur Alpine, CA 91901, or get in touch by calling (619) 320-4942 or contacting us on our website.

Agnes Barrelet2022-12-09T16:36:18-08:00


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Wildlife is an excellent introduction to God. God has not only created this beautiful universe most effective for humans only. Plants and animals also have a unique place in this. 

They are essential for various purposes. We discover from the giant whale to the smallest fishes on this Earth, withinside the wooded area, we will find the smallest Wolffia to the big Sequoia tree. 

We, the humans, can’t make contributions to those remarkable creations of God; however, protecting them is in our hands. Thus, the conservation of flora and fauna is vital to keep the stability of Earth. 

Like forests, the natural world is likewise a countywide resource, which now no longer simply facilitates maintaining ecological peace but is again applicable from economic, leisure, and aesthetic factors. 

In the past years, human activities are minimal, and the variety of feral animals have been pretty excessive, and there has been no hassle in their safety or conservation. 

But, with the development of agriculture, settlement, commercial and different developmental sports, and precisely because of man’s greed, the number of feral animals step by step has become lesser and lesser. 

And at the end, that numerous species of animals have become extinct, and several others are on the verge of becoming extinct.

Different reasons or elements are chargeable for the extinction of feral animals or flora from this Earth. Due to the speedy boom within the human populace, human beings are destroying the forests to assemble their homes, release up regions to installation industries, etc. 

As a result of that, many wild animals lose their homes. Again wild animals are searched for their meat, skin, teeth, horns, etc. For example, the one-horned rhinoceros discovered withinside the Kaziranga National Park.

What are the Causes of the extinction of flora and fauna?

  1. Habitat loss
  2. Poaching
  3. Introduction of recent species
  4. Natural calamities
  5. Lack of strict flora and fauna legal guidelines.

Why should we save wild animals?


Most people today think that there is more wildlife in the world, but data shows that many of this wildlife are becoming extinct day by day. 

For this reason, there are many reasons why we should save wildlife, as discussed below.

1. Wildlife is beneficial to humans

These animals produce chemicals that can be used as a source of medicine for humans. Drugs are used to treat various health conditions, including heart disorders, illnesses, and many other ailments.

2. Conserving Wildlife Helps the Environment

Conserving wildlife translates into protecting the environment. If there will be more wildlife, the more we enrich our planet.

For this reason, animals need to be kept in their natural habitats and habitats. We need to preserve their natural habitats because this will benefit the people.

3. Develop Biodiversity

The earth is a healthy, productive environment. Without wildlife, there will be no critical balance in our natural system.

Loss of one animal can mean the loss of another mammal or the loss of another mammal. By preserving the wildlife we ​​have, we ensure that other species also survive.

4. Wildlife is beneficial for agriculture and agriculture

The population depends on plants, not only for food but also for production plants. Plants depend on other animals for pollination.

Plants need bees, insects, animals and birds to pollinate. If wildlife is not conserved, there may be no effective pollen. It will lead to future translation into a reduced source of food and traditional medicine.

What are the ways to protect wild animals?

Today, defensive flora and fauna have to be one of the whole essential responsibilities of humanity. 

Due to the fact, animals and plant life are the central part of a much broader herbal surrounding that gives meals, haven, and water for different flora and fauna, and humans.

Let’s talk about several methods to shield the natural world.

➢ Protect flora and fauna habitats so that the animals have locations to locate meals, are searching for haven, and lift their young – due to the fact the significant destruction of herbal habitats is possibly the finest chance that many species are dealing with those days.

➢ Learn approximately endangered species in your area. Teach the human beings around you whether or not your mum, your child, your colleague, your neighbour, or your hairstylist – approximately the fantastic flora and fauna, birds, fish, and vegetation that stay close to you and why they want safety.

➢ Support bans on merciless recreation and sports that impose needless pressure on animals, several of which may be lethal.

➢ We humans should also understand our responsibility towards the animals and should help the injured animals.

➢ Protected regions like countrywide parks, reserve forests, natural world sanctuaries, etc., are mounted to guard flora and fauna. Wildlife conservation legal guidelines are enforced in those limited regions to defend flora and fauna.

➢ Awareness about animal protection should be spread among the children and among the people. 

➢ Some human beings forget about or purpose damage to the flora and fauna as they’re blind to the significance of flora and fauna. So, attention may unfold amongst humans to preserve flora and fauna in India.

➢ Animals kill due to satisfying blind beliefs. So, for the conservation of flora and fauna in India, those superstitions want to be eliminated from society.

Types of Wildlife conservation

Wildlife conservation may be labelled into thrilling terms, namely “in situ conservation” and “ex-situ conservation.”

1. In situ conservation :

This sort of conservation protects the animal or plant on a web website online in its herbal habitat. In a way, we shopped the whole wooded area to store the tiger. 

National Parks, hotspots, Sanctuaries, Sacred groves and Biological Reserves come beneath neath In Situ Conservation.

2. Ex-situ conservation :

Ex-situ conservation of flora and fauna method off-web website online protection of feral animals and plant life with eliminating and moving a few a part of a populace to covered habitat. 

It consists of Seed banks, Field technology banks, Botanical gardens, Zoological parks, and Wildlife Safari parks.

Wildlife conservation in India


India has extensive wild animals like Indochinese tigers, Asiatic Lions, Indochinese Leopards, diverse species of deer, superb Indian Rhinoceros, and lots more excellent. 

But because of a few elements like immoderate poaching, unlawful trading, lack of habitat, pollutants, etc., numerous animals and birds are statuses at the border of destruction.

Though the Government of India is taking steps to shield Wildlife, the essential history of India, each citizen of India has to assume it to be his obligation to guard the natural world. 

Some of the stairs taken through the Government of India closer to Wildlife conservation in India are

Important Wildlife Protection Projects with the aid of using Indian Government

➢ Wildlife conservation is crucial for a healthy ecosystem. If an available flora and fauna species receives vanished from the ecosystem, it can disturb the complete meals chain.

➢ Wildlife conservation is likewise essential for clinical values as many flowers and animal species derive a few essential drugs. Moreover, Ayurveda, the historic medicinal machine of India, is again the use of extracts of diverse plant life and herbs.

➢ Wildlife conservation is critical for agriculture and farming. Wildlife performs a substantial position withinside the increase of agricultural plants and a massive quantity of populace on this global depends on that vegetation.

➢ For preserving a comfortable and wholesome surrounding, flora and fauna conservation is crucial. For example, birds like eagles and Vultures contribute to nature by doing away with animals’ useless bodies and maintaining the surroundings easily.

Steps Taken By Indian Government to Protect Biodiversity


Along with the above distinctive conservation tasks of the wild animals, GOI has additionally initiated few schemes which are laboured upon to guard the biodiversity and reduce the mortality of seriously endangered, endangered, and threatened animals. 

Here are few critical steps that the Government of India has taken for flora and fauna safety:

In the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, GOI created Protected Areas like National Parks, Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves, and Community Reserves for flora and fauna and imposed punishments on indulging in the unlawful act of searching.

To lower the unlawful alternate of the natural world and endangered species, Wildlife Crime Control Bureau has to hook up and reinforce tiger conservation, National Tiger Conservation Authority.

A Special Tiger Protection Force (STPF) has also been constituted and deployed in Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Odisha.


One of the maximum flourishing flora and fauna conservation ventures, ‘Project Tiger’ which was initiated manner returned in 1972, has now no longer simplest contributed to the conservation of tigers however additionally to the complete ecosystem. 

This task subsidizes through the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change. 

About forty-seven tiger reserves located in extra than 17 areas, such as Corbett National Park and Ranthambore National Park, are a part of this venture which conducts exams of the number of tigers, their habitat, searching behaviour beneath the supervision.


They were initiated in 1992 through the Government of India Project Elephant ambitions at keeping elephants and their habitat and of migratory routes through growing medical and deliberate control measures. 

The venture endeavours to reinforce the standards for the safety of elephants in opposition to poachers and unnatural death.

Animals at the zoo. What do you think about it. Is it fair

There are a lot of zoos in the world and millions of people visit them every year. But are zoos harmful or helpful to animals which are caged there?

I strongly believe that we should not keep animals in zoos because captivity is not natural for them and it is a constant stress to a wild animal. Keeping animals in zoos harms them by denying them freedom of movement and association. What is more, zoos are like prisons for animals as they live in small cages and do not get necessary food. In addition, animals become very aggressive and unpredictable as they get older and often attack zoo keepers and other people.

However, most people think that zoos help endangered species survive. But this is not true because most rare animals are extremely difficult to breed in captivity. Besides, in zoos, it is almost impossible to meet the animals’ natural needs. Another argument for keeping animals in zoos is that people learn something new about these animals. Actually, zoos do not teach us much because animals do not act the way they would in the wild. I think we can learn more about animals by watching wildlife programs on TV.

In conclusion, I would argue that zoos do not seem to help endangered species and keeping animals behind bars only for the sake of our entertainment is not quite fair. In my opinion, people must create nature reserves, where wild animals will be able to live in their natural environment.

Tursunbaev J.I. DBE-101BD


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  • Процесс нормирования в организации труда
  • Социальная подсистема предприятия и ее характеристика
  • Тайна человеческой души — заключена в психических драмах детства (Зигмунд Фрейд)

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